I highly recommend using the website www.thistothat.com to see what glue will work best for what you need. I will list the glues I have used and what I normally use them for.
Strength: Best option for wood to wood gluing.
Price: Cheap. ~$15 for a gallon.
Where: Any hardware store such as Lowes or Home Depot
Sanding: This glue can be sanded. Â One of the reasons it works so well as a sealant.
Painting: This glue can be painted on.
Comments: This is my most used glue option. Â I use it to seal insulation foam and MDF. It sands very well and can be painted on with ease.
Strength: Good option for wood to plastic, plastic to plastic, or fabric to anything.
Price: ~$5 a tube.
Where: Walmart or any hobby store
Sanding: This glue does not sand at all.
Painting: Not the best for painting on. Also, some spray paints will react with it and not harden.
Comments: I use this most often to glue plastic to wood or plastic to plastic. I’ve also used to to glue felt fabric to wood. Goop is also similar to this glue.